Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death around the world taking over 17.5 million lives every year.
Cardiovascular disease includes any heart disease, vascular disease of the brain, or disease of the blood vessel.
Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart disease and stroke include family history which cannot be changed. On the other hand, other risk factors can be treated upon. It includes:-
- Physical inactivity: Lack of physical activity.
- Cholesterol: High cholesterol in the body.
- Raised blood pressure & hypertension: Increase in blood pressure and hypertension.
- Obesity and overweight: Being overweight or obese can lead to various cardiovascular diseases.
- Unhealthy diet: An unhealthy diet can lead to increased risk of heart disease.
- Tobacco use: Use of tobacco harms the body in many ways and it includes heart-related problems.
- Gender: Men have a greater risk of heart disease than a pre-menopausal woman.
- Age: As a person’s age increase, chances of having cardiovascular disease also increase. In fact, after the age of 55, the risk of stroke doubles every decade.
- Socioeconomic status: A stressful life, isolation from the society, depression, and anxiety leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Ethnicity: People of certain ethnic origin have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease compared to other racial groups